Topological Quantum Liquids with Long-Range Couplings
AbstractVery few topological systems with long-range couplings have been considered so far due to our lack of analytic approaches. Here we extend the Kitaev chain, a 1D quantum liquid, to infinite-range couplings and study its topological properties. We demonstrate that, even though topological phases are intimately linked to the notion of locality, the infinite-range couplings give rise to topological zero and nonzero energy Majorana end modes depending on the boundary conditions of the system. We show that the analytically derived properties are to a large degree stable against modifications to decaying long-range couplings. Our work opens new frontiers for topological states of matter that are relevant to current experiments, where systems with interactions of variable range can be designed.