Topological Bound States in the Continuum in Arrays of Dielectric Spheres
AbstractWe consider Bloch bound states in the radiation continuum in periodic arrays of dielectric spheres. It is demonstrated that the bound states are associated with phase singularities of the quasimode coupling strength. That makes the bound states topologically protected and, therefore, robust against any variation of parameters preserving the periodicity and rotational symmetry about the array axis. It is shown that under variation of parameters the bound states can only be destroyed by either annihilation of the topological charge or by migration to the sector of the parametric space where the second radiation channel is open.