Strongly interacting phases of metallic wires in strong magnetic field
AbstractWe investigate theoretically an interacting metallic wire with a strong magnetic field directed along its length and show that it is a highly tunable one-dimensional system. By considering a suitable change in spatial geometry, we build an analogy between the problem in the zeroth Landau level with Landau level degeneracy N to one-dimensional fermions with an N-component pseudospin degree of freedom and SU(2)-symmetric interactions. This analogy allows us to establish the phase diagram as a function of the interactions for small N (and make conjectures for large N) using renormalization group and bosonization techniques. We find pseudospin-charge separation with a gapless U(1) charge sector and several possible strong-coupling phases in the pseudospin sector. For odd N, we find a fluctuating pseudospin-singlet charge density wave phase and a fluctuating pseudospin-singlet superconducting phase which are topologically distinct. For even N>2, similar phases exist, although they are not topologically distinct, and an additional novel pseudospin-gapless phase appears. We discuss experimental conditions for observing our proposals.