Static spin susceptibility in magnetically ordered states

Static spin susceptibility in magnetically ordered states We report that special care is needed when longitudinal magnetic susceptibility is computed in a magnetically ordered phase, especially in metals. We demonstrate this by studying static susceptibility in both a ferromagnetic and an antiferromagnetic state in the random phase approximation to the two-dimensional Hubbard model on a square lattice. In contrast to the case in the disordered phase, a first derivative of the chemical potential (or the density) with respect to a magnetic field does not vanish in a magnetically ordered phase when the field is applied parallel to the magnetic moment. This effect is crucial and should be included when computing magnetic susceptibility in the ordered phase, otherwise an unphysical result would be obtained. In addition, consequently the magnetic susceptibility becomes different when computed at a fixed density and a fixed chemical potential in the ordered phase. In particular, we cannot employ magnetic susceptibility at a fixed chemical potential to describe a system with a fixed density even if the chemical potential is tuned to reproduce the correct density. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Static spin susceptibility in magnetically ordered states

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Static spin susceptibility in magnetically ordered states

Abstract

We report that special care is needed when longitudinal magnetic susceptibility is computed in a magnetically ordered phase, especially in metals. We demonstrate this by studying static susceptibility in both a ferromagnetic and an antiferromagnetic state in the random phase approximation to the two-dimensional Hubbard model on a square lattice. In contrast to the case in the disordered phase, a first derivative of the chemical potential (or the density) with respect to a magnetic field does not vanish in a magnetically ordered phase when the field is applied parallel to the magnetic moment. This effect is crucial and should be included when computing magnetic susceptibility in the ordered phase, otherwise an unphysical result would be obtained. In addition, consequently the magnetic susceptibility becomes different when computed at a fixed density and a fixed chemical potential in the ordered phase. In particular, we cannot employ magnetic susceptibility at a fixed chemical potential to describe a system with a fixed density even if the chemical potential is tuned to reproduce the correct density.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.064411
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We report that special care is needed when longitudinal magnetic susceptibility is computed in a magnetically ordered phase, especially in metals. We demonstrate this by studying static susceptibility in both a ferromagnetic and an antiferromagnetic state in the random phase approximation to the two-dimensional Hubbard model on a square lattice. In contrast to the case in the disordered phase, a first derivative of the chemical potential (or the density) with respect to a magnetic field does not vanish in a magnetically ordered phase when the field is applied parallel to the magnetic moment. This effect is crucial and should be included when computing magnetic susceptibility in the ordered phase, otherwise an unphysical result would be obtained. In addition, consequently the magnetic susceptibility becomes different when computed at a fixed density and a fixed chemical potential in the ordered phase. In particular, we cannot employ magnetic susceptibility at a fixed chemical potential to describe a system with a fixed density even if the chemical potential is tuned to reproduce the correct density.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 7, 2017

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