Static and dynamic properties of Josephson weak links with singlet and triplet coupling

Static and dynamic properties of Josephson weak links with singlet and triplet coupling We theoretically study static and dynamic properties of short Josephson junctions (JJs) with singlet and triplet Josephson coupling. In singlet Josephson weak links, two singlet superconductors S are connected with each other by a normal film (N) or wire. Triplet JJs, which we denote Sm-N(F)-Sm, are formed by two singlet BCS superconductors covered by a thin layer of a weak ferromagnet Fw. These superconductors Sm are separated from the N (or F) layer by spin filters, which pass electrons with only one spin orientation. The triplet Cooper pairs propagating from the left (right) superconductors Sm differ from each other not only in polarizations, but also in chiralities. The latter is determined by the magnetization orientation in weak ferromagnets Fw. We obtain analytical formulas for the critical Josephson current in both types of JJs. If the chiralities of the triplet Cooper pairs penetrating into the N film in Sm-N(F)-Sm JJs from the left and right Sm are different, the Josephson current is not 0 in the absence of the phase difference (spontaneous Josephson current). We also calculate the admittance Y(Ω) for arbitrary frequencies Ω in the case of singlet JJs and for low frequencies in the case of triplet JJs. At low temperatures T, the real part of the admittance Y′(Ω) in singlet JJs starts to increase from 0 at ℏΩ≥Δsg, but at T≥Δsg, it has a peak at low frequencies the magnitude of which is determined by inelastic processes. The subgap Δsg depends on the transparencies of the S/N interfaces and on the phase difference 2χ0. The low-frequency peak in Y′(Ω) in triplet JJs disappears. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Static and dynamic properties of Josephson weak links with singlet and triplet coupling

Preview Only

Static and dynamic properties of Josephson weak links with singlet and triplet coupling

Abstract

We theoretically study static and dynamic properties of short Josephson junctions (JJs) with singlet and triplet Josephson coupling. In singlet Josephson weak links, two singlet superconductors S are connected with each other by a normal film (N) or wire. Triplet JJs, which we denote Sm-N(F)-Sm, are formed by two singlet BCS superconductors covered by a thin layer of a weak ferromagnet Fw. These superconductors Sm are separated from the N (or F) layer by spin filters, which pass electrons with only one spin orientation. The triplet Cooper pairs propagating from the left (right) superconductors Sm differ from each other not only in polarizations, but also in chiralities. The latter is determined by the magnetization orientation in weak ferromagnets Fw. We obtain analytical formulas for the critical Josephson current in both types of JJs. If the chiralities of the triplet Cooper pairs penetrating into the N film in Sm-N(F)-Sm JJs from the left and right Sm are different, the Josephson current is not 0 in the absence of the phase difference (spontaneous Josephson current). We also calculate the admittance Y(Ω) for arbitrary frequencies Ω in the case of singlet JJs and for low frequencies in the case of triplet JJs. At low temperatures T, the real part of the admittance Y′(Ω) in singlet JJs starts to increase from 0 at ℏΩ≥Δsg, but at T≥Δsg, it has a peak at low frequencies the magnitude of which is determined by inelastic processes. The subgap Δsg depends on the transparencies of the S/N interfaces and on the phase difference 2χ0. The low-frequency peak in Y′(Ω) in triplet JJs disappears.
Loading next page...
 
/lp/aps_physical/static-and-dynamic-properties-of-josephson-weak-links-with-singlet-and-0PKCk9LCVG
Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.024517
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We theoretically study static and dynamic properties of short Josephson junctions (JJs) with singlet and triplet Josephson coupling. In singlet Josephson weak links, two singlet superconductors S are connected with each other by a normal film (N) or wire. Triplet JJs, which we denote Sm-N(F)-Sm, are formed by two singlet BCS superconductors covered by a thin layer of a weak ferromagnet Fw. These superconductors Sm are separated from the N (or F) layer by spin filters, which pass electrons with only one spin orientation. The triplet Cooper pairs propagating from the left (right) superconductors Sm differ from each other not only in polarizations, but also in chiralities. The latter is determined by the magnetization orientation in weak ferromagnets Fw. We obtain analytical formulas for the critical Josephson current in both types of JJs. If the chiralities of the triplet Cooper pairs penetrating into the N film in Sm-N(F)-Sm JJs from the left and right Sm are different, the Josephson current is not 0 in the absence of the phase difference (spontaneous Josephson current). We also calculate the admittance Y(Ω) for arbitrary frequencies Ω in the case of singlet JJs and for low frequencies in the case of triplet JJs. At low temperatures T, the real part of the admittance Y′(Ω) in singlet JJs starts to increase from 0 at ℏΩ≥Δsg, but at T≥Δsg, it has a peak at low frequencies the magnitude of which is determined by inelastic processes. The subgap Δsg depends on the transparencies of the S/N interfaces and on the phase difference 2χ0. The low-frequency peak in Y′(Ω) in triplet JJs disappears.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 26, 2017

There are no references for this article.

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off