Stability of the fluid interface in a Hele-Shaw cell subjected to horizontal vibrations
AbstractThe stability of the horizontal interface of two immiscible viscous fluids in a Hele-Shaw cell subject to gravity and horizontal vibrations is studied. The problem is reduced to the generalized Hill equation, which is solved analytically by the multiple scale method and numerically. The long-wave instability, the resonance (parametric resonance) excitation of waves at finite frequencies of vibrations (for the first three resonances), and the limit of high-frequency vibrations are studied analytically under the assumption of small amplitudes of vibrations and small viscosity. For finite amplitudes of vibrations, finite wave numbers, and finite viscosity, the study is performed numerically. The influence of the specific natural control parameters and physical parameters of the system on its instability threshold is discussed. The results provide extension to other results [J. Bouchgl, S. Aniss, and M. Souhar, Phys. Rev. E 88, 023027 (2013)10.1103/PhysRevE.88.023027], where the authors considered a similar problem but took into account viscosity in the basic state and did not consider it in the equations for perturbations.