Spreading of correlations in a quenched repulsive and attractive one-dimensional integrable system
AbstractWe study the real-time evolution of the correlation functions in a globally quenched interacting one-dimensional lattice system by means of time-adaptive density matrix renormalization group. We find a clear light-cone behavior quenching the repulsive interaction from the gapped density wave regime. The spreading velocity increases with the final values of the interaction and then saturates at a certain finite value. In the case of a Luttinger liquid phase as the initial state, for strong repulsive interaction quenches, a more complex dynamics occurs as a result of bound state formations. From the other side in the attractive regime, depending on where connected correlation functions are measured, one can observe a delay in the starting time evolution and a coexistence of ballistic and localized signals.