Spin-projected generalized Hartree-Fock method as a polynomial of particle-hole excitations
AbstractThe past several years have seen renewed interest in the use of symmetry-projected Hartree-Fock for the description of strong correlations. Unfortunately, these symmetry-projected mean-field methods do not adequately account for dynamic correlation. Presumably, this shortcoming could be addressed if one could combine symmetry-projected Hartree-Fock with a many-body method such as coupled-cluster theory, but this is by no means straightforward because the two techniques are formulated in very different ways. However, we have recently shown that the singlet S2-projected unrestricted Hartree-Fock wave function can in fact be written in a coupled-cluster-like wave function. That is, the spin-projected unrestricted Hartree-Fock wave function can be written as a polynomial of a double-excitation operator acting on some closed-shell reference determinant. Here, we extend this result and show that the spin-projected generalized Hartree-Fock wave function (which has both S2 and Sz projection) is likewise a polynomial of low-order excitation operators acting on a closed-shell determinant and provide a closed-form expression for the resulting polynomial coefficients. The spin projection of the generalized Hartree-Fock wave function introduces connected triple and quadruple excitations which are absent when spin-projecting an unrestricted Hartree-Fock determinant. We include a few preliminary applications of the combination of this spin-projected Hartree-Fock and coupled-cluster theory to the Hubbard Hamiltonian and comment on generalizations of the methodology. Results here are not for production level, but a similarity-transformed theory that combines the two offers the promise of being accurate for both weak and strong correlation, and may offer significant improvements in the intermediate correlation regime where neither projected Hartree-Fock nor coupled cluster is particularly accurate.