Semiclassical theory of spin-orbit torques in disordered multiband electron systems

Semiclassical theory of spin-orbit torques in disordered multiband electron systems We study spin-orbit torques (SOT) in nondegenerate multiband electron systems in the weak-disorder limit. In order to have better physical transparency, a semiclassical Boltzmann approach equivalent to the Kubo diagrammatic approach in the noncrossing approximation is formulated. This semiclassical framework accounts for the interband-coherence effects induced by both the electric field and static impurity scattering. Using the two-dimensional Rashba ferromagnet as a model system, we show that the antidamping-like SOT arising from disorder-induced interband-coherence effects is very sensitive to the structure of disorder potential in the internal space and may have the same sign as the intrinsic SOT in the presence of spin-dependent disorder. While the cancellation of this SOT and the intrinsic one occurs only in the case of spin-independent short-range disorder. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Semiclassical theory of spin-orbit torques in disordered multiband electron systems

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Semiclassical theory of spin-orbit torques in disordered multiband electron systems

Abstract

We study spin-orbit torques (SOT) in nondegenerate multiband electron systems in the weak-disorder limit. In order to have better physical transparency, a semiclassical Boltzmann approach equivalent to the Kubo diagrammatic approach in the noncrossing approximation is formulated. This semiclassical framework accounts for the interband-coherence effects induced by both the electric field and static impurity scattering. Using the two-dimensional Rashba ferromagnet as a model system, we show that the antidamping-like SOT arising from disorder-induced interband-coherence effects is very sensitive to the structure of disorder potential in the internal space and may have the same sign as the intrinsic SOT in the presence of spin-dependent disorder. While the cancellation of this SOT and the intrinsic one occurs only in the case of spin-independent short-range disorder.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.045428
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We study spin-orbit torques (SOT) in nondegenerate multiband electron systems in the weak-disorder limit. In order to have better physical transparency, a semiclassical Boltzmann approach equivalent to the Kubo diagrammatic approach in the noncrossing approximation is formulated. This semiclassical framework accounts for the interband-coherence effects induced by both the electric field and static impurity scattering. Using the two-dimensional Rashba ferromagnet as a model system, we show that the antidamping-like SOT arising from disorder-induced interband-coherence effects is very sensitive to the structure of disorder potential in the internal space and may have the same sign as the intrinsic SOT in the presence of spin-dependent disorder. While the cancellation of this SOT and the intrinsic one occurs only in the case of spin-independent short-range disorder.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 24, 2017

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