Role of anchoring energy on the texture of cholesteric droplets: Finite-element simulations and experiments

Role of anchoring energy on the texture of cholesteric droplets: Finite-element simulations and... We present a numerical method to compute defect-free textures inside cholesteric domains of arbitrary shape. This method has two interesting properties, namely a robust and fast quadratic convergence to a local minimum of the Frank free energy, thanks to a trust region strategy. We apply this algorithm to study the texture of cholesteric droplets in coexistence with their isotropic liquid in two cases: when the anchoring is planar and when it is tilted. In the first case, we show how to determine the anchoring energy at the cholesteric-isotropic interface from a study of the optical properties of droplets of different sizes oriented with an electric field. This method is applied to the case of the liquid crystal CCN-37. In the second case, we come back to the issue of the textural transition as a function of the droplet radius between the double-twist droplets and the banded droplets, observed for instance in cyanobiphenyl liquid crystals. We show that, even if this transition is dominated by the saddle-splay Gauss constant K4, as was recently recognized by Yoshioka et al. [Soft Matter 12, 2400 (2016)1744-683X10.1039/C5SM02838H], the anchoring energy does also play an important role that cannot be neglected. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review E American Physical Society (APS)

Role of anchoring energy on the texture of cholesteric droplets: Finite-element simulations and experiments

Preview Only

Role of anchoring energy on the texture of cholesteric droplets: Finite-element simulations and experiments

Abstract

We present a numerical method to compute defect-free textures inside cholesteric domains of arbitrary shape. This method has two interesting properties, namely a robust and fast quadratic convergence to a local minimum of the Frank free energy, thanks to a trust region strategy. We apply this algorithm to study the texture of cholesteric droplets in coexistence with their isotropic liquid in two cases: when the anchoring is planar and when it is tilted. In the first case, we show how to determine the anchoring energy at the cholesteric-isotropic interface from a study of the optical properties of droplets of different sizes oriented with an electric field. This method is applied to the case of the liquid crystal CCN-37. In the second case, we come back to the issue of the textural transition as a function of the droplet radius between the double-twist droplets and the banded droplets, observed for instance in cyanobiphenyl liquid crystals. We show that, even if this transition is dominated by the saddle-splay Gauss constant K4, as was recently recognized by Yoshioka et al. [Soft Matter 12, 2400 (2016)1744-683X10.1039/C5SM02838H], the anchoring energy does also play an important role that cannot be neglected.
Loading next page...
 
/lp/aps_physical/role-of-anchoring-energy-on-the-texture-of-cholesteric-droplets-finite-iVMEc31Wl9
Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1539-3755
eISSN
550-2376
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevE.96.012705
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We present a numerical method to compute defect-free textures inside cholesteric domains of arbitrary shape. This method has two interesting properties, namely a robust and fast quadratic convergence to a local minimum of the Frank free energy, thanks to a trust region strategy. We apply this algorithm to study the texture of cholesteric droplets in coexistence with their isotropic liquid in two cases: when the anchoring is planar and when it is tilted. In the first case, we show how to determine the anchoring energy at the cholesteric-isotropic interface from a study of the optical properties of droplets of different sizes oriented with an electric field. This method is applied to the case of the liquid crystal CCN-37. In the second case, we come back to the issue of the textural transition as a function of the droplet radius between the double-twist droplets and the banded droplets, observed for instance in cyanobiphenyl liquid crystals. We show that, even if this transition is dominated by the saddle-splay Gauss constant K4, as was recently recognized by Yoshioka et al. [Soft Matter 12, 2400 (2016)1744-683X10.1039/C5SM02838H], the anchoring energy does also play an important role that cannot be neglected.

Journal

Physical Review EAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 19, 2017

There are no references for this article.

Sorry, we don’t have permission to share this article on DeepDyve,
but here are related articles that you can start reading right now:

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial