Robustness of the cluster expansion: Assessing the roles of relaxation and numerical error

Robustness of the cluster expansion: Assessing the roles of relaxation and numerical error Cluster expansion (CE) is effective in modeling the stability of metallic alloys, but sometimes cluster expansions fail. Failures are often attributed to atomic relaxation in the DFT-calculated data, but there is no metric for quantifying the degree of relaxation. Additionally, numerical errors can also be responsible for slow CE convergence. We studied over one hundred different Hamiltonians and identified a heuristic, based on a normalized mean-squared displacement of atomic positions in a crystal, to determine if the effects of relaxation in CE data are too severe to build a reliable CE model. Using this heuristic, CE practitioners can determine a priori whether or not an alloy system can be reliably expanded in the cluster basis. We also examined the error distributions of the fitting data. We find no clear relationship between the type of error distribution and CE prediction ability, but there are clear correlations between CE formalism reliability, model complexity, and the number of significant terms in the model. Our results show that the size of the errors is much more important than their distribution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Robustness of the cluster expansion: Assessing the roles of relaxation and numerical error

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Robustness of the cluster expansion: Assessing the roles of relaxation and numerical error

Abstract

Cluster expansion (CE) is effective in modeling the stability of metallic alloys, but sometimes cluster expansions fail. Failures are often attributed to atomic relaxation in the DFT-calculated data, but there is no metric for quantifying the degree of relaxation. Additionally, numerical errors can also be responsible for slow CE convergence. We studied over one hundred different Hamiltonians and identified a heuristic, based on a normalized mean-squared displacement of atomic positions in a crystal, to determine if the effects of relaxation in CE data are too severe to build a reliable CE model. Using this heuristic, CE practitioners can determine a priori whether or not an alloy system can be reliably expanded in the cluster basis. We also examined the error distributions of the fitting data. We find no clear relationship between the type of error distribution and CE prediction ability, but there are clear correlations between CE formalism reliability, model complexity, and the number of significant terms in the model. Our results show that the size of the errors is much more important than their distribution.
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Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.014107
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cluster expansion (CE) is effective in modeling the stability of metallic alloys, but sometimes cluster expansions fail. Failures are often attributed to atomic relaxation in the DFT-calculated data, but there is no metric for quantifying the degree of relaxation. Additionally, numerical errors can also be responsible for slow CE convergence. We studied over one hundred different Hamiltonians and identified a heuristic, based on a normalized mean-squared displacement of atomic positions in a crystal, to determine if the effects of relaxation in CE data are too severe to build a reliable CE model. Using this heuristic, CE practitioners can determine a priori whether or not an alloy system can be reliably expanded in the cluster basis. We also examined the error distributions of the fitting data. We find no clear relationship between the type of error distribution and CE prediction ability, but there are clear correlations between CE formalism reliability, model complexity, and the number of significant terms in the model. Our results show that the size of the errors is much more important than their distribution.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 12, 2017

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