Robustness of symmetry-protected topological states against time-periodic perturbations

Robustness of symmetry-protected topological states against time-periodic perturbations The existence of gapless boundary states is a key attribute of any topological insulator. Topological band theory predicts that these states are robust against static perturbations that preserve the relevant symmetries. In this article, using Floquet theory, we examine how chiral symmetry protection extends also to states subject to time-periodic perturbations—in one-dimensional Floquet topological insulators as well as in ordinary one-dimensional time-independent topological insulators. It is found that, in the case of the latter, the edge modes are resistant to a much larger class of time-periodic symmetry-preserving perturbations than in Floquet topological insulators. Notably, boundary states in chiral time-independent topological insulators also exhibit an unexpected resilience against a certain type of symmetry-breaking time-periodic perturbations. We argue that this is a generic property for topological phases protected by chiral symmetry. Implications for experiments are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Robustness of symmetry-protected topological states against time-periodic perturbations

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Robustness of symmetry-protected topological states against time-periodic perturbations

Abstract

The existence of gapless boundary states is a key attribute of any topological insulator. Topological band theory predicts that these states are robust against static perturbations that preserve the relevant symmetries. In this article, using Floquet theory, we examine how chiral symmetry protection extends also to states subject to time-periodic perturbations—in one-dimensional Floquet topological insulators as well as in ordinary one-dimensional time-independent topological insulators. It is found that, in the case of the latter, the edge modes are resistant to a much larger class of time-periodic symmetry-preserving perturbations than in Floquet topological insulators. Notably, boundary states in chiral time-independent topological insulators also exhibit an unexpected resilience against a certain type of symmetry-breaking time-periodic perturbations. We argue that this is a generic property for topological phases protected by chiral symmetry. Implications for experiments are discussed.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.035149
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The existence of gapless boundary states is a key attribute of any topological insulator. Topological band theory predicts that these states are robust against static perturbations that preserve the relevant symmetries. In this article, using Floquet theory, we examine how chiral symmetry protection extends also to states subject to time-periodic perturbations—in one-dimensional Floquet topological insulators as well as in ordinary one-dimensional time-independent topological insulators. It is found that, in the case of the latter, the edge modes are resistant to a much larger class of time-periodic symmetry-preserving perturbations than in Floquet topological insulators. Notably, boundary states in chiral time-independent topological insulators also exhibit an unexpected resilience against a certain type of symmetry-breaking time-periodic perturbations. We argue that this is a generic property for topological phases protected by chiral symmetry. Implications for experiments are discussed.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 27, 2017

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