Quantum simulators by design: Many-body physics in reconfigurable arrays of tunnel-coupled traps

Quantum simulators by design: Many-body physics in reconfigurable arrays of tunnel-coupled traps We present a platform for the bottom-up construction of itinerant many-body systems: ultracold atoms transferred from a Bose-Einstein condensate into freely configurable arrays of microlens generated focused-beam dipole traps. This complements traditional optical lattices and provides a different access to the field of two-dimensional quantum simulators. The ultimate control of topology, well depth, atom number, and interaction strength is matched by sufficient tunneling. We characterize the required light fields, derive the Bose-Hubbard parameters for several alkali-metal species, and investigate the loading procedures and heating mechanisms. To demonstrate the potential of this approach, we analyze coupled annular Josephson contacts exhibiting many-body resonances. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review A American Physical Society (APS)

Quantum simulators by design: Many-body physics in reconfigurable arrays of tunnel-coupled traps

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Quantum simulators by design: Many-body physics in reconfigurable arrays of tunnel-coupled traps

Abstract

We present a platform for the bottom-up construction of itinerant many-body systems: ultracold atoms transferred from a Bose-Einstein condensate into freely configurable arrays of microlens generated focused-beam dipole traps. This complements traditional optical lattices and provides a different access to the field of two-dimensional quantum simulators. The ultimate control of topology, well depth, atom number, and interaction strength is matched by sufficient tunneling. We characterize the required light fields, derive the Bose-Hubbard parameters for several alkali-metal species, and investigate the loading procedures and heating mechanisms. To demonstrate the potential of this approach, we analyze coupled annular Josephson contacts exhibiting many-body resonances.
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Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1050-2947
eISSN
1094-1622
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevA.95.063625
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We present a platform for the bottom-up construction of itinerant many-body systems: ultracold atoms transferred from a Bose-Einstein condensate into freely configurable arrays of microlens generated focused-beam dipole traps. This complements traditional optical lattices and provides a different access to the field of two-dimensional quantum simulators. The ultimate control of topology, well depth, atom number, and interaction strength is matched by sufficient tunneling. We characterize the required light fields, derive the Bose-Hubbard parameters for several alkali-metal species, and investigate the loading procedures and heating mechanisms. To demonstrate the potential of this approach, we analyze coupled annular Josephson contacts exhibiting many-body resonances.

Journal

Physical Review AAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jun 29, 2017

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