Quadrupole stellar oscillations: The impact of gravitational waves from the Galactic Center
AbstractAcoustic quadrupole modes of sunlike stars vibrate when perturbed by a passing gravitational wave generated somewhere in the Universe. Here, we compute the imprint of the gravitational waves on the acoustic spectrum of these stars for gravitational events occurring near the supermassive black hole located at the center of the Milky Way. We found that in most cases the impact of gravitational waves in low-order quadrupole modes is not above the current observational threshold of detectability, although this should be in the reach of the next generation of near infrared observatories and asteroseismology satellite missions. Equally, we found that it is possible to follow the end phase of the coalescence of binaries with large chirp masses, as these phenomena have a unique imprint in the spectra of sunlike stars affecting sequentially several low-order quadrupole modes. Moreover, we discuss the different imprints on the acoustic spectra of the different types of binary systems constituted either by two white dwarfs, two neutron stars, two black holes or a compact star and a massive black hole.