Properties at the interface of graphene and Ti2C MXene
AbstractEmploying ab initio calculations, we characterize the interfaces formed between graphene, a much discussed two-dimensional material, and MXene, another two-dimensional material of recent interest. Our study considering the specific case of Ti2C, a member of the MXene family, shows the formation of chemical bonds between Ti atoms and C atoms of graphene. This results in reconstruction of the electronic structure at the interface, making the interface metallic, though graphene is a zero-gap semiconductor and Ti2C is an antiferromagnetic insulator in their respective native form. The optical and phonon properties of the interfaces are found to be strongly dependent on the stacking arrangement, driven by the nature of chemical-bond formation. Consideration of O-passivated Ti2C is found to weaken the interaction between graphene and Ti2C substantially, making it a physisorption process rather than chemisorption in the unpassivated situation. Our first-principles study is expected to motivate future experimental investigation.