Prolonging entanglement dynamics near periodic plasmonic nanostructures

Prolonging entanglement dynamics near periodic plasmonic nanostructures We study the dynamics of two initially entangled qubits, where each one interacts locally and independently of the other, with a plasmonic nanostructure. By considering two different cases for the qubits, two identical two-level systems and two identical V-type quantum systems, where one two-level transition plays the role of the qubit while the third level acts as an “umbrella level”, we study the corresponding entanglement dynamics for several pure and mixed initial states. As the plasmonic nanostructure we take a two-dimensional lattice of metal-coated dielectric nanoparticles. The presence of this nanostructure leads to highly suppressed spontaneous emission rates of the individual quantum systems, as well as to highly anisotropic spontaneous decay rates for orthogonal dipole matrix elements due to the anisotropic Purcell effect, leading to quantum interference in spontaneous emission. Both of the effects can be used for significantly prolonging the time evolution of entanglement for several system parameters. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Prolonging entanglement dynamics near periodic plasmonic nanostructures

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Prolonging entanglement dynamics near periodic plasmonic nanostructures

Abstract

We study the dynamics of two initially entangled qubits, where each one interacts locally and independently of the other, with a plasmonic nanostructure. By considering two different cases for the qubits, two identical two-level systems and two identical V-type quantum systems, where one two-level transition plays the role of the qubit while the third level acts as an “umbrella level”, we study the corresponding entanglement dynamics for several pure and mixed initial states. As the plasmonic nanostructure we take a two-dimensional lattice of metal-coated dielectric nanoparticles. The presence of this nanostructure leads to highly suppressed spontaneous emission rates of the individual quantum systems, as well as to highly anisotropic spontaneous decay rates for orthogonal dipole matrix elements due to the anisotropic Purcell effect, leading to quantum interference in spontaneous emission. Both of the effects can be used for significantly prolonging the time evolution of entanglement for several system parameters.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.075405
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We study the dynamics of two initially entangled qubits, where each one interacts locally and independently of the other, with a plasmonic nanostructure. By considering two different cases for the qubits, two identical two-level systems and two identical V-type quantum systems, where one two-level transition plays the role of the qubit while the third level acts as an “umbrella level”, we study the corresponding entanglement dynamics for several pure and mixed initial states. As the plasmonic nanostructure we take a two-dimensional lattice of metal-coated dielectric nanoparticles. The presence of this nanostructure leads to highly suppressed spontaneous emission rates of the individual quantum systems, as well as to highly anisotropic spontaneous decay rates for orthogonal dipole matrix elements due to the anisotropic Purcell effect, leading to quantum interference in spontaneous emission. Both of the effects can be used for significantly prolonging the time evolution of entanglement for several system parameters.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 4, 2017

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