Phenomenological modeling of durotaxis

Phenomenological modeling of durotaxis Cells exhibit qualitatively different behaviors on substrates with different rigidities. The fact that cells are more polarized on the stiffer substrate motivates us to construct a two-dimensional cell with the distribution of focal adhesions dependent on substrate rigidities. This distribution affects the forces exerted by the cell and thereby determines its motion. Our model reproduces the experimental observation that the persistence time is higher on the stiffer substrate. This stiffness-dependent persistence will lead to durotaxis, the preference in moving towards stiffer substrates. This propensity is characterized by the durotaxis index first defined in experiments. We derive and validate a two-dimensional corresponding Fokker-Planck equation associated with our model. Our approach highlights the possible role of the focal adhesion arrangement in durotaxis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review E American Physical Society (APS)

Phenomenological modeling of durotaxis

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Phenomenological modeling of durotaxis

Abstract

Cells exhibit qualitatively different behaviors on substrates with different rigidities. The fact that cells are more polarized on the stiffer substrate motivates us to construct a two-dimensional cell with the distribution of focal adhesions dependent on substrate rigidities. This distribution affects the forces exerted by the cell and thereby determines its motion. Our model reproduces the experimental observation that the persistence time is higher on the stiffer substrate. This stiffness-dependent persistence will lead to durotaxis, the preference in moving towards stiffer substrates. This propensity is characterized by the durotaxis index first defined in experiments. We derive and validate a two-dimensional corresponding Fokker-Planck equation associated with our model. Our approach highlights the possible role of the focal adhesion arrangement in durotaxis.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1539-3755
eISSN
550-2376
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevE.96.010402
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cells exhibit qualitatively different behaviors on substrates with different rigidities. The fact that cells are more polarized on the stiffer substrate motivates us to construct a two-dimensional cell with the distribution of focal adhesions dependent on substrate rigidities. This distribution affects the forces exerted by the cell and thereby determines its motion. Our model reproduces the experimental observation that the persistence time is higher on the stiffer substrate. This stiffness-dependent persistence will lead to durotaxis, the preference in moving towards stiffer substrates. This propensity is characterized by the durotaxis index first defined in experiments. We derive and validate a two-dimensional corresponding Fokker-Planck equation associated with our model. Our approach highlights the possible role of the focal adhesion arrangement in durotaxis.

Journal

Physical Review EAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 17, 2017

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