Phase-Imposing Initiation of Cherenkov Superradiance Emission by an Ultrashort-Seed Microwave Pulse
AbstractFor the first time, we demonstrate experimentally the possibility of Cherenkov superradiant generation with a phase imposed by an ultrashort seed microwave pulse. The phases of seed and initiated Ka-band microwave pulses were correlated with the accuracy of 0.5–0.7 rad for the power ratio down to −35 dB. Characteristics of such a process were determined in the frame of a basic theoretical model that describes both spontaneous and stimulated emission of an electron beam moving in corrugated waveguides. The obtained results open up opportunities of reaching extremely high radiation power density in phased arrays of short-pulse coherently operating microwave generators.