Perturbed dissipative solitons: A variational approach
AbstractWe adopt a variational technique to study the dynamics of perturbed dissipative solitons whose evolution is governed by a Ginzburg-Landau equation (GLE). As a specific example of such solitons, we consider a silicon-based active waveguide in which free carriers are generated through two-photon absorption. In this case, dissipative solitons are perturbed by physical processes such as third-order dispersion, intrapulse Raman scattering, self-steepening, and free-carrier generation. To solve the variational problem, we adopt the Pereira-Stenflo soliton as an ansatz since this soliton is the exact solution of the unperturbed GLE. With this ansatz, we derive a set of six coupled differential equations exhibiting the dynamics of various pulse parameters. This set of equations provides considerable physical insight into the complex behavior of perturbed dissipative solitons. Its predictions are found to be in good agreement with direct numerical simulations of the GLE. More specifically, the spectral and temporal shifts of the chirped soliton induced by free carriers and intrapulse Raman scattering are predicted quite accurately. We also provide simple analytic expressions of these shifts by making suitable approximations. Our semianalytic treatment is useful for gaining physical insight into complex soliton-evolution processes.