On-chip quantum tomography of mechanical nanoscale oscillators with guided Rydberg atoms
AbstractNanomechanical oscillators as well as Rydberg-atomic waveguides hosted on microfabricated chip surfaces hold promise to become pillars of future quantum technologies. In a hybrid platform with both, we show that beams of Rydberg atoms in waveguides can quantum coherently interrogate and manipulate nanomechanical elements, allowing full quantum state tomography. Central to the tomography are quantum nondemolition measurements using the Rydberg atoms as probes. Quantum coherent displacement of the oscillator is also made possible by driving the atoms with external fields while they interact with the oscillator. We numerically demonstrate the feasibility of this fully integrated on-chip control and read-out suite for quantum nanomechanics, taking into account noise and error sources.