Nonlinear dynamics in the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity
AbstractWe numerically investigated how nonlinear dynamics depends on the dimensionality and on the higher-order curvature corrections in the form of Gauss-Bonnet (GB) terms. We especially monitored the processes of appearances of a singularity (or black hole) in two models: (i) a perturbed wormhole throat in spherically symmetric space-time, and (ii) colliding scalar pulses in plane-symmetric space-time. We used a dual-null formulation for evolving the field equations, which enables us to locate the trapping horizons directly, and also enables us to follow close to the large-curvature region due to its causal integrating scheme. We observed that the fate of a perturbed wormhole is either a black hole or an expanding throat depending on the total energy of the structure, and its threshold depends on the coupling constant of the GB terms (αGB). We also observed that a collision of large scalar pulses will produce a large-curvature region, of which the magnitude also depends on αGB. For both models, the normal corrections (αGB>0) work for avoiding the appearance of singularity, although it is inevitable. We also found that in the critical situation for forming a black hole, the existence of the trapped region in the Einstein-GB gravity does not directly indicate the formation of a black hole.