Nonclassical Photon Number Distribution in a Superconducting Cavity under a Squeezed Drive
AbstractA superconducting qubit in the strong dispersive regime of circuit quantum electrodynamics is a powerful probe for microwave photons in a cavity mode. In this regime, a qubit excitation spectrum is split into multiple peaks, with each peak corresponding to an individual photon number in the cavity (discrete ac Stark shift). Here, we measure the qubit spectrum in a cavity that is driven continuously with a squeezed vacuum generated by a Josephson parametric amplifier. By fitting the obtained spectrum with a model which takes into account the finite qubit excitation power, we determine the photon number distribution, which reveals an even-odd photon number oscillation and quantitatively fulfills Klyshko’s criterion for nonclassicality.