Nearly massless Dirac fermions and strong Zeeman splitting in the nodal-line semimetal ZrSiS probed by de Haas–van Alphen quantum oscillations
AbstractTopological semimetals represent a new class of quantum materials hosting Dirac/Weyl fermions. The essential properties of topological fermions can be revealed by quantum oscillations. Here we present systematic de Haas–van Alphen (dHvA) oscillation studies on the recently discovered topological Dirac nodal-line semimetal ZrSiS. From the angular dependence of dHvA oscillations, we have revealed the anisotropic Dirac bands in ZrSiS and found surprisingly strong Zeeman splitting at low magnetic fields. The Landé g factor estimated from the separation of Zeeman splitting peaks is as large as 38. From the analyses of dHvA oscillations, we also revealed nearly zero effective mass and exceptionally high quantum mobility for Dirac fermions in ZrSiS. These results shed light on the nature of novel Dirac fermion physics of ZrSiS.