Multipole excitations in hot nuclei within the finite temperature quasiparticle random phase approximation framework
AbstractThe effect of temperature on the evolution of the isovector dipole and isoscalar quadrupole excitations in Ni68 and Sn120 nuclei is studied within the fully self-consistent finite temperature quasiparticle random phase approximation framework, based on the Skyrme-type SLy5 energy density functional. The new low-energy excitations emerge due to the transitions from thermally occupied states to the discretized continuum at finite temperatures, whereas the isovector giant dipole resonance is not strongly impacted by the increase of temperature. The radiative dipole strength at low energies is also investigated for the Sn122 nucleus, becoming compatible with the available experimental data when the temperature is included. In addition, both the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance and low-energy quadrupole states are sensitive to the temperature effect: while the centroid energies decrease in the case of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance, the collectivity of the first 2+ state is quenched and the opening of new excitation channels fragments the low-energy strength at finite temperatures.