Multi-phase-field model for surface and phase-boundary diffusion

Multi-phase-field model for surface and phase-boundary diffusion The multi-phase-field approach is generalized to treat capillarity-driven diffusion parallel to the surfaces and phase boundaries, i.e., the boundaries between a condensed phase and its vapor and the boundaries between two or multiple condensed phases. The effect of capillarity is modeled via curvature dependence of the chemical potential whose gradient gives rise to diffusion. The model is used to study thermal grooving on the surface of a polycrystalline body. Decaying oscillations of the surface profile during thermal grooving, postulated by Hillert long ago but reported only in few studies so far, are observed and discussed. Furthermore, annealing of multi-nanoclusters on a deformable free surface is investigated using the proposed model. Results of these simulations suggest that the characteristic craterlike structure with an elevated perimeter, observed in recent experiments, is a transient nonequilibrium state during the annealing process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review E American Physical Society (APS)

Multi-phase-field model for surface and phase-boundary diffusion

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Multi-phase-field model for surface and phase-boundary diffusion

Abstract

The multi-phase-field approach is generalized to treat capillarity-driven diffusion parallel to the surfaces and phase boundaries, i.e., the boundaries between a condensed phase and its vapor and the boundaries between two or multiple condensed phases. The effect of capillarity is modeled via curvature dependence of the chemical potential whose gradient gives rise to diffusion. The model is used to study thermal grooving on the surface of a polycrystalline body. Decaying oscillations of the surface profile during thermal grooving, postulated by Hillert long ago but reported only in few studies so far, are observed and discussed. Furthermore, annealing of multi-nanoclusters on a deformable free surface is investigated using the proposed model. Results of these simulations suggest that the characteristic craterlike structure with an elevated perimeter, observed in recent experiments, is a transient nonequilibrium state during the annealing process.
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Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1539-3755
eISSN
550-2376
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevE.96.012801
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The multi-phase-field approach is generalized to treat capillarity-driven diffusion parallel to the surfaces and phase boundaries, i.e., the boundaries between a condensed phase and its vapor and the boundaries between two or multiple condensed phases. The effect of capillarity is modeled via curvature dependence of the chemical potential whose gradient gives rise to diffusion. The model is used to study thermal grooving on the surface of a polycrystalline body. Decaying oscillations of the surface profile during thermal grooving, postulated by Hillert long ago but reported only in few studies so far, are observed and discussed. Furthermore, annealing of multi-nanoclusters on a deformable free surface is investigated using the proposed model. Results of these simulations suggest that the characteristic craterlike structure with an elevated perimeter, observed in recent experiments, is a transient nonequilibrium state during the annealing process.

Journal

Physical Review EAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 5, 2017

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