Magnons in a two-dimensional transverse-field XXZ model

Magnons in a two-dimensional transverse-field XXZ model The XXZ model on a square lattice in the presence of a transverse magnetic field is studied within the spin-wave theory to investigate the resulting canted antiferromagnet. The small- and large-field regimes are probed separately both for easy-axis and easy-plane scenarios which reveal an unentangled factorized ground state at an intermediate value of the field. Goldstone modes are obtained for the field-free XY antiferromagnet as well as for the isotropic antiferromagnet with field up to its saturation value. Moreover, for an easy-plane anisotropy, we find that there exists a nonzero field, where magnon degeneracy appears as a result of restoration of a U(1) sublattice symmetry and that, across that field, there occurs a magnon band crossing. For completeness, we then obtain the system phase diagram for S=1/2 via large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations using the stochastic series expansion technique. Our numerical method is based on a quantization of spin along the direction of the applied magnetic field and does not suffer from a sign problem, unlike comparable algorithms based on a spin quantization along the axis of anisotropy. With this formalism, we are also able to obtain powder averages of the transverse and longitudinal magnetizations, which may be useful for understanding experimental measurements on polycrystalline samples. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Magnons in a two-dimensional transverse-field XXZ model

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Magnons in a two-dimensional transverse-field XXZ model

Abstract

The XXZ model on a square lattice in the presence of a transverse magnetic field is studied within the spin-wave theory to investigate the resulting canted antiferromagnet. The small- and large-field regimes are probed separately both for easy-axis and easy-plane scenarios which reveal an unentangled factorized ground state at an intermediate value of the field. Goldstone modes are obtained for the field-free XY antiferromagnet as well as for the isotropic antiferromagnet with field up to its saturation value. Moreover, for an easy-plane anisotropy, we find that there exists a nonzero field, where magnon degeneracy appears as a result of restoration of a U(1) sublattice symmetry and that, across that field, there occurs a magnon band crossing. For completeness, we then obtain the system phase diagram for S=1/2 via large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations using the stochastic series expansion technique. Our numerical method is based on a quantization of spin along the direction of the applied magnetic field and does not suffer from a sign problem, unlike comparable algorithms based on a spin quantization along the axis of anisotropy. With this formalism, we are also able to obtain powder averages of the transverse and longitudinal magnetizations, which may be useful for understanding experimental measurements on polycrystalline samples.
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Publisher
American Physical Society (APS)
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.045126
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The XXZ model on a square lattice in the presence of a transverse magnetic field is studied within the spin-wave theory to investigate the resulting canted antiferromagnet. The small- and large-field regimes are probed separately both for easy-axis and easy-plane scenarios which reveal an unentangled factorized ground state at an intermediate value of the field. Goldstone modes are obtained for the field-free XY antiferromagnet as well as for the isotropic antiferromagnet with field up to its saturation value. Moreover, for an easy-plane anisotropy, we find that there exists a nonzero field, where magnon degeneracy appears as a result of restoration of a U(1) sublattice symmetry and that, across that field, there occurs a magnon band crossing. For completeness, we then obtain the system phase diagram for S=1/2 via large-scale quantum Monte Carlo simulations using the stochastic series expansion technique. Our numerical method is based on a quantization of spin along the direction of the applied magnetic field and does not suffer from a sign problem, unlike comparable algorithms based on a spin quantization along the axis of anisotropy. With this formalism, we are also able to obtain powder averages of the transverse and longitudinal magnetizations, which may be useful for understanding experimental measurements on polycrystalline samples.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 19, 2017

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