Low-Loss Superconducting Nanowire Circuits Using a Neon Focused Ion Beam
AbstractWe present low-temperature measurements of low-loss superconducting nanowire-embedded resonators in the low-power limit relevant for quantum circuits. The superconducting resonators are embedded with superconducting nanowires with widths down to 20 nm using a neon focused ion beam. In the low-power limit, we demonstrate an internal quality factor up to 3.9×105 at 300 mK [implying a two-level-system-limited quality factor up to 2×105 at 10 mK], not only significantly higher than in similar devices but also matching the state of the art of conventional Josephson-junction-embedded resonators. We also show a high sensitivity of the nanowire to stray infrared photons, which is controllable by suitable precautions to minimize stray photons in the sample environment. Our results suggest that there are excellent prospects for superconducting-nanowire-based quantum circuits.