Linear and nonlinear response of the Vlasov system with nonintegrable Hamiltonian
AbstractLinear and nonlinear response formulas taking into account all Casimir invariants are derived without use of angle-action variables of a single-particle (mean-field) Hamiltonian. This article deals mainly with the Vlasov system in a spatially inhomogeneous quasistationary state whose associating single-particle Hamiltonian is not integrable and has only one integral of the motion, the Hamiltonian itself. The basic strategy is to restrict the form of perturbation so that it keeps Casimir invariants within a linear order, and the single particle's probabilistic density function is smooth with respect to the single particle's Hamiltonian. The theory is applied for a spatially two-dimensional system and is confirmed by numerical simulations. A nonlinear response formula is also derived in a similar manner.