Length-Scale Dependence of the Stokes-Einstein and Adam-Gibbs Relations in Model Glass Formers

Length-Scale Dependence of the Stokes-Einstein and Adam-Gibbs Relations in Model Glass Formers The Adam-Gibbs (AG) relation connects the dynamics of a glass-forming liquid to its thermodynamics via the configurational entropy and is of fundamental importance in descriptions of glassy behavior. The breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation (SEB) between the diffusion coefficient and the viscosity (or structural relaxation times) in glass formers raises the question as to which dynamical quantity the AG relation describes. By performing molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the AG relation is valid over the widest temperature range for the diffusion coefficient and not for the viscosity or relaxation times. Studying relaxation times defined at a given wavelength, we find that SEB and the deviation from the AG relation occur below a temperature at which the correlation length of dynamical heterogeneity equals the wavelength probed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS)

Length-Scale Dependence of the Stokes-Einstein and Adam-Gibbs Relations in Model Glass Formers

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Length-Scale Dependence of the Stokes-Einstein and Adam-Gibbs Relations in Model Glass Formers

Abstract

The Adam-Gibbs (AG) relation connects the dynamics of a glass-forming liquid to its thermodynamics via the configurational entropy and is of fundamental importance in descriptions of glassy behavior. The breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation (SEB) between the diffusion coefficient and the viscosity (or structural relaxation times) in glass formers raises the question as to which dynamical quantity the AG relation describes. By performing molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the AG relation is valid over the widest temperature range for the diffusion coefficient and not for the viscosity or relaxation times. Studying relaxation times defined at a given wavelength, we find that SEB and the deviation from the AG relation occur below a temperature at which the correlation length of dynamical heterogeneity equals the wavelength probed.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © © 2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
0031-9007
eISSN
1079-7114
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.056001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Adam-Gibbs (AG) relation connects the dynamics of a glass-forming liquid to its thermodynamics via the configurational entropy and is of fundamental importance in descriptions of glassy behavior. The breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation (SEB) between the diffusion coefficient and the viscosity (or structural relaxation times) in glass formers raises the question as to which dynamical quantity the AG relation describes. By performing molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the AG relation is valid over the widest temperature range for the diffusion coefficient and not for the viscosity or relaxation times. Studying relaxation times defined at a given wavelength, we find that SEB and the deviation from the AG relation occur below a temperature at which the correlation length of dynamical heterogeneity equals the wavelength probed.

Journal

Physical Review LettersAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 4, 2017

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