Lattice gas with molecular dynamics collision operator
AbstractWe introduce a lattice gas implementation that is based on coarse-graining a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. Such a lattice gas is similar to standard lattice gases, but its collision operator is informed by an underlying MD simulation. This can be considered an optimal lattice gas implementation because it allows for the representation of any system that can be simulated with MD. We show here that equilibrium behavior of the popular lattice Boltzmann algorithm is consistent with this optimal lattice gas. This comparison allows us to make a more accurate identification of the expressions for temperature and pressure in lattice Boltzmann simulations, which turn out to be related not only to the physical temperature and pressure but also to the lattice discretization. We show that for any spatial discretization, we need to choose a particular temporal discretization to recover the lattice Boltzmann equilibrium.