Ionization energies and electron affinities from a random-phase-approximation many-body Green's-function method including exchange interactions
AbstractA many-body Green's-function method employing an infinite order summation of ring and exchange-ring contributions to the self-energy is presented. The individual correlation and relaxation contributions to the quasiparticle energies are calculated using an iterative scheme which utilizes density fitting of the particle-hole, particle-particle and hole-hole densities. It is shown that the ionization energies and electron affinities of this approach agree better with highly accurate coupled-cluster singles and doubles with perturbative triples energy difference results than those obtained with second-order Green's-function approaches. An analysis of the correlation and relaxation terms of the self-energy for the direct- and exchange–random-phase-approximation (RPA) Green's-function methods shows that the inclusion of exchange interactions leads to a reduction of the two contributions in magnitude. These differences, however, strongly cancel each other when summing the individual terms to the quasiparticle energies. Due to this, the direct- and exchange-RPA methods perform similarly for the description of ionization energies (IPs) and electron affinities (EAs). The coupled-cluster reference IPs and EAs, if corrected to the adiabatic energy differences between the neutral and charged molecules, were shown to be in very good agreement with experimental measurements.