Interaction blockade for bosons in an asymmetric double well
AbstractThe interaction blockade phenomenon isolates the motion of a single quantum particle within a multiparticle system, in particular for coherent oscillations in and out of a region affected by the blockade mechanism. For identical quantum particles with Bose statistics, the presence of the other particles is still felt by a bosonic stimulation factor N that speeds up the coherent oscillations, where N is the number of bosons. Here we propose an experiment to observe this enhancement factor with a small number of bosonic atoms. The proposed protocol realizes an asymmetric double-well potential with multiple optical tweezer laser beams. The ability to adjust bias independently of the coherent coupling between the wells allows the potential to be loaded with different particle numbers while maintaining the resonance condition needed for coherent oscillations. Numerical simulations with up to three bosons in a realistic potential generated by three optical tweezers predict that the relevant avoided level crossing can be probed and the expected bosonic enhancement factor observed.