Impact of ferroelectric and superparaelectric nanoparticles on phase transitions and dynamics in nematic liquid crystals
AbstractResults of broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) studies of pure liquid crystalline (4-pentyloxy-4-biphenylcarbonitryle) 5OCB and its nanocolloids with BaTiO3 nanoparticles (NPs) under varying pressure and temperature are presented. The notable impact of NPs on phase transitions and dynamics was found. Particularly strong impact on pretransitional behavior was observed for relatively low concentrations of NPs, which can be related to the NPs-induced disorder. There are also notable differences between pressure and temperature paths of studies for nanocomposites, absent for the pure LC compound. For instance, tests focused on the translational orientational decoupling via the fractional Debye-Stokes-Einstein relation yielded S=0.71 and S=0.3 for the temperature and pressure paths, respectively: S=1 is for the complete coupling. The possible theoretical frame of observed phenomena is also proposed.