Hyperuniformity of initial conditions and critical decay of a diffusive epidemic process belonging to the Manna class
AbstractFor a fixed-energy Manna sandpile model belonging to a Manna class in one dimension (d=1), we recently showed that the critical decay is different for random and regular initial conditions (ICs). Compared with previous results of natural IC for several models, we suggested for the Manna class that the critical decay depends on the characteristics of the three ICs. But the dependence on the random and regular ICs was shown only for a single model. In this work, we study the critical decay for the random and regular ICs for another model of the Manna class in d=1, a diffusive epidemic process. It is shown that the critical decay exponent agrees with the previous result for each IC, which verifies that IC dependence is a common feature of the Manna class. In addition, for the random and regular ICs, we measure the variance σ2(r) of total particle density in a region of size r by increasing r up to system size and investigate its temporal evolution toward the value σq2(r) of the quasisteady state at criticality. In d=1,σ2(r) scales as σ2(r)∼r−ψ with ψ=1 for random distributions and 1<ψ≤2 for hyperuniform ones. The temporal evolution shows that σ2(r) of the two ICs differently relax toward σq2(r) and the regular IC becomes a hyperuniform distribution of ψ=2 in the beginning of the evolution. We estimate ψ=1.45(3) for both the quasisteady state and absorbing states, so the quasisteady state is also as hyperuniform as absorbing states. The hyperuniformity of the quasisteady state shows that the natural IC also should be hyperuniform as much as the quasisteady state, because the natural IC is obtained from particle configurations close to the quasisteady state. Consequently, the different ψ of the three ICs suggest that σ2(r) can classify the characteristics of the three ICs in a unified way and the different degree of hyperuniformity of the ICs provides another explanation for the observed IC-dependent critical decay in a point of view of initial fluctuations and correlations.