Ground-state blockade of Rydberg atoms and application in entanglement generation
AbstractWe propose a mechanism of ground-state blockade between two N-type Rydberg atoms by virtue of the Rydberg-antiblockade effect and the Raman transition. Inspired by the quantum Zeno effect, the strong Rydberg antiblockade interaction plays a role in frequently measuring one ground state of two, leading to a blockade effect for double occupation of the corresponding quantum state. By encoding the logic qubits into the ground states, we efficiently avoid the spontaneous emission of the excited Rydberg state and maintain the nonlinear Rydberg-Rydberg interaction at the same time. As applications, we discuss in detail the feasibility of preparing two-atom and three-atom entanglement with ground-state blockade in closed and open systems, respectively, which shows that a high fidelity of the entangled state can be obtained with current experimental parameters.