Full counting statistics of information content and particle number
AbstractWe consider a bipartite quantum conductor and discuss the joint probability distribution of a particle number in a subsystem and the self-information associated with the reduced density matrix of the subsystem. By extending the multicontour Keldysh Green-function technique, we calculate the Rényi entropy of a positive integer order M subjected to the particle number constraint, from which we derive the joint probability distribution. For energy-independent transmission, we derive the time dependence of the accessible entanglement entropy, or the conditional entropy. We analyze the joint probability distribution for energy-dependent transmission probability at the steady state under the coherent resonant tunneling and the incoherent sequential tunneling conditions. We also discuss the probability distribution of the efficiency, which measures the information content transferred by a single electron.