Fourth-order series expansion of the exchange hole
AbstractApproximate functionals for the exchange-correlation energy of electrons often draw on explicit or implicit models for the exchange-correlation hole. Here we focus on the spherically averaged exchange hole ρX(r,u), which depends on the reference point r and on the electron-electron distance u. We extend the well-known [A. D. Becke and M. R. Roussel, Phys. Rev. A 39, 3761 (1989)0556-279110.1103/PhysRevA.39.3761] second-order Taylor-series expansion in u to fourth order and we show that the fourth-order term can add important additional information that is particularly relevant for molecules compared to atoms. Drawing on these findings, we explore exchange functionals that depend on the fourth-order term of the expansion of ρX(r,u). We also find that Gaussian basis set expansions, frequently used in electronic structure codes, result in unsatisfactory representations of the fourth-order term.