Focusing of a Rydberg Positronium Beam with an Ellipsoidal Electrostatic Mirror

Focusing of a Rydberg Positronium Beam with an Ellipsoidal Electrostatic Mirror Slow atoms in Rydberg states can exhibit specular reflection from a cylindrical surface upon which an azimuthally periodic potential is imposed. We have constructed a concave mirror of this type, in the shape of a truncated oblate ellipsoid of revolution, which has a focal length of (1.50±0.01)  m measured optically. When placed near the center of a long vacuum pipe, this structure brings a beam of n=32 positronium (Ps) atoms to a focus on a position sensitive detector at a distance of (6.03±0.03) m from the Ps source. The intensity at the focus implies an overall reflection efficiency of ∼30%. The focal spot diameter (32±1)  mm full width at half maximum is independent of the atoms’ flight times from 20 to 60  μs, thus indicating that the mirror is achromatic to a good approximation. Mirrors based on this principle would be of use in a variety of experiments, allowing for improved collection efficiency and tailored transport or imaging of beams of slow Rydberg atoms and molecules. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS)

Focusing of a Rydberg Positronium Beam with an Ellipsoidal Electrostatic Mirror

Abstract

Slow atoms in Rydberg states can exhibit specular reflection from a cylindrical surface upon which an azimuthally periodic potential is imposed. We have constructed a concave mirror of this type, in the shape of a truncated oblate ellipsoid of revolution, which has a focal length of (1.50±0.01)  m measured optically. When placed near the center of a long vacuum pipe, this structure brings a beam of n=32 positronium (Ps) atoms to a focus on a position sensitive detector at a distance of (6.03±0.03) m from the Ps source. The intensity at the focus implies an overall reflection efficiency of ∼30%. The focal spot diameter (32±1)  mm full width at half maximum is independent of the atoms’ flight times from 20 to 60  μs, thus indicating that the mirror is achromatic to a good approximation. Mirrors based on this principle would be of use in a variety of experiments, allowing for improved collection efficiency and tailored transport or imaging of beams of slow Rydberg atoms and molecules.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © © 2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
0031-9007
eISSN
1079-7114
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.053201
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Slow atoms in Rydberg states can exhibit specular reflection from a cylindrical surface upon which an azimuthally periodic potential is imposed. We have constructed a concave mirror of this type, in the shape of a truncated oblate ellipsoid of revolution, which has a focal length of (1.50±0.01)  m measured optically. When placed near the center of a long vacuum pipe, this structure brings a beam of n=32 positronium (Ps) atoms to a focus on a position sensitive detector at a distance of (6.03±0.03) m from the Ps source. The intensity at the focus implies an overall reflection efficiency of ∼30%. The focal spot diameter (32±1)  mm full width at half maximum is independent of the atoms’ flight times from 20 to 60  μs, thus indicating that the mirror is achromatic to a good approximation. Mirrors based on this principle would be of use in a variety of experiments, allowing for improved collection efficiency and tailored transport or imaging of beams of slow Rydberg atoms and molecules.

Journal

Physical Review LettersAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 4, 2017

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