Fisher waves: An individual-based stochastic model

Fisher waves: An individual-based stochastic model The propagation of a beneficial mutation in a spatially extended population is usually studied using the phenomenological stochastic Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovsky-Piscounov (SFKPP) equation. We derive here an individual-based, stochastic model founded on the spatial Moran process where fluctuations are treated exactly. The mean-field approximation of this model leads to an equation that is different from the phenomenological FKPP equation. At small selection pressure, the front behavior can be mapped into a Brownian motion with drift, the properties of which can be derived from the microscopic parameters of the Moran model. Finally, we generalize the model to take into account dispersal kernels beyond migration to nearest neighbors. We show how the effective population size (which controls the noise amplitude) and the diffusion coefficient can both be computed from the dispersal kernel. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review E American Physical Society (APS)

Fisher waves: An individual-based stochastic model

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Fisher waves: An individual-based stochastic model

Abstract

The propagation of a beneficial mutation in a spatially extended population is usually studied using the phenomenological stochastic Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovsky-Piscounov (SFKPP) equation. We derive here an individual-based, stochastic model founded on the spatial Moran process where fluctuations are treated exactly. The mean-field approximation of this model leads to an equation that is different from the phenomenological FKPP equation. At small selection pressure, the front behavior can be mapped into a Brownian motion with drift, the properties of which can be derived from the microscopic parameters of the Moran model. Finally, we generalize the model to take into account dispersal kernels beyond migration to nearest neighbors. We show how the effective population size (which controls the noise amplitude) and the diffusion coefficient can both be computed from the dispersal kernel.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1539-3755
eISSN
550-2376
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevE.96.012414
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The propagation of a beneficial mutation in a spatially extended population is usually studied using the phenomenological stochastic Fisher-Kolmogorov-Petrovsky-Piscounov (SFKPP) equation. We derive here an individual-based, stochastic model founded on the spatial Moran process where fluctuations are treated exactly. The mean-field approximation of this model leads to an equation that is different from the phenomenological FKPP equation. At small selection pressure, the front behavior can be mapped into a Brownian motion with drift, the properties of which can be derived from the microscopic parameters of the Moran model. Finally, we generalize the model to take into account dispersal kernels beyond migration to nearest neighbors. We show how the effective population size (which controls the noise amplitude) and the diffusion coefficient can both be computed from the dispersal kernel.

Journal

Physical Review EAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Jul 25, 2017

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