Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the Anderson impurity model out of equilibrium: Quench dynamics
AbstractWe study the growth of entanglement entropy in density-matrix renormalization-group calculations of the real-time quench dynamics of the Anderson impurity model. We find that with an appropriate choice of basis, the entropy growth is logarithmic in both the interacting and noninteracting single-impurity models. The logarithmic entropy growth is understood from a noninteracting chain model as a critical behavior separating regimes of linear growth and saturation of entropy, which correspond respectively to overlapping and gapped energy spectra of the set of bath states. We find that a logarithmic entropy growth is the generic behavior of quenched impurity models when the bath orbitals in the matrix product state are ordered in energy. A noninteracting calculation of the double-impurity Anderson model supports the conclusion in the multi-impurity case. The logarithmic growth of entanglement entropy enables studies of quench dynamics to very long times.