Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the Anderson impurity model out of equilibrium: Quench dynamics

Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the Anderson impurity model out of... We study the growth of entanglement entropy in density-matrix renormalization-group calculations of the real-time quench dynamics of the Anderson impurity model. We find that with an appropriate choice of basis, the entropy growth is logarithmic in both the interacting and noninteracting single-impurity models. The logarithmic entropy growth is understood from a noninteracting chain model as a critical behavior separating regimes of linear growth and saturation of entropy, which correspond respectively to overlapping and gapped energy spectra of the set of bath states. We find that a logarithmic entropy growth is the generic behavior of quenched impurity models when the bath orbitals in the matrix product state are ordered in energy. A noninteracting calculation of the double-impurity Anderson model supports the conclusion in the multi-impurity case. The logarithmic growth of entanglement entropy enables studies of quench dynamics to very long times. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the Anderson impurity model out of equilibrium: Quench dynamics

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Entanglement entropy and computational complexity of the Anderson impurity model out of equilibrium: Quench dynamics

Abstract

We study the growth of entanglement entropy in density-matrix renormalization-group calculations of the real-time quench dynamics of the Anderson impurity model. We find that with an appropriate choice of basis, the entropy growth is logarithmic in both the interacting and noninteracting single-impurity models. The logarithmic entropy growth is understood from a noninteracting chain model as a critical behavior separating regimes of linear growth and saturation of entropy, which correspond respectively to overlapping and gapped energy spectra of the set of bath states. We find that a logarithmic entropy growth is the generic behavior of quenched impurity models when the bath orbitals in the matrix product state are ordered in energy. A noninteracting calculation of the double-impurity Anderson model supports the conclusion in the multi-impurity case. The logarithmic growth of entanglement entropy enables studies of quench dynamics to very long times.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085107
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We study the growth of entanglement entropy in density-matrix renormalization-group calculations of the real-time quench dynamics of the Anderson impurity model. We find that with an appropriate choice of basis, the entropy growth is logarithmic in both the interacting and noninteracting single-impurity models. The logarithmic entropy growth is understood from a noninteracting chain model as a critical behavior separating regimes of linear growth and saturation of entropy, which correspond respectively to overlapping and gapped energy spectra of the set of bath states. We find that a logarithmic entropy growth is the generic behavior of quenched impurity models when the bath orbitals in the matrix product state are ordered in energy. A noninteracting calculation of the double-impurity Anderson model supports the conclusion in the multi-impurity case. The logarithmic growth of entanglement entropy enables studies of quench dynamics to very long times.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 7, 2017

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