Electrical and thermal tuning of quality factor and free spectral range of optical resonance of nematic liquid crystal microdroplets
AbstractWe experimentally study the effect of temperature and electric field on the quality (Q) factor and free spectral range (FSR) of whispering-gallery-mode optical resonance of dye-doped nematic liquid crystal microdroplets. Both the Q factor and the FSR are highly sensitive to the temperature and electric field and are tunable. The Q factor decreases, whereas the FSR increases substantially, with increasing temperature and electric field. The variation of the Q factor and FSR is understood based on the change in the effective refractive index and the dynamic size of the microdroplets.