Dynamical transition in a jammed state of a quasi-two-dimensional foam
AbstractThe states of foam are empirically classified into dry foam and wet foam by the volume fraction of the liquid. Recently, a transition between the dry foam state and the wet foam state has been found by characterizing the bubble shapes [Furuta , Sci. Rep. 6, 37506 (2016)2045-232210.1038/srep37506]. In the literature, it is indirectly ascertained that the transition from the dry to the wet form is related to the onset of the rearrangement of the bubbles, namely, the liquid fraction at which the bubbles become able to move to replace their positions. The bubble shape is a static property, and the rearrangement of the bubbles is a dynamic property. Thus, we investigate the relation between the bubble shape transition and the rearrangement event occurring in a collapsing process of the bubbles in a quasi-two-dimensional foam system. The current setup brings a good advantage to observe the above transitions, since the liquid fraction of the foam continuously changes in the system. It is revealed that the rearrangement of the bubbles takes place at the dry-wet transition point where the characteristics of the bubble shape change.