Creating anisotropic spin-split surface states in momentum space by molecular adsorption

Creating anisotropic spin-split surface states in momentum space by molecular adsorption In this ab initio study we demonstrate that molecular adsorption on a surface Rashba system can be used to modulate the surface electronic structure in different momentum space directions, i.e., to create anisotropic spin splittings in k space. This effect is rooted in the asymmetric adsorption of the molecules on the surface in a hollow site which breaks the surface symmetry. More specifically, we demonstrate that the physisorbed NH3 has a small influence on the surface Rashba states and only gives rise to variations of the surface state Rashba parameters up to a factor of 1.4 over the surface Brillouin zone. In contrast, the chemisorption of BH3 leads to variations of the Rashba parameter by more than a factor of 2.5. Consequently, the anisotropy of the Rashba-split-surface states induced by molecular adsorption also gives rise to a modulation of the surface state spin texture, i.e., the out-of-plane spin polarization varies along different k directions by up to 70% for the occupied states. This offers the possibility to change the spin direction from in-plane to predominantly out-of-plane by modifying the electronic momentum by 90°. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS)

Creating anisotropic spin-split surface states in momentum space by molecular adsorption

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Creating anisotropic spin-split surface states in momentum space by molecular adsorption

Abstract

In this ab initio study we demonstrate that molecular adsorption on a surface Rashba system can be used to modulate the surface electronic structure in different momentum space directions, i.e., to create anisotropic spin splittings in k space. This effect is rooted in the asymmetric adsorption of the molecules on the surface in a hollow site which breaks the surface symmetry. More specifically, we demonstrate that the physisorbed NH3 has a small influence on the surface Rashba states and only gives rise to variations of the surface state Rashba parameters up to a factor of 1.4 over the surface Brillouin zone. In contrast, the chemisorption of BH3 leads to variations of the Rashba parameter by more than a factor of 2.5. Consequently, the anisotropy of the Rashba-split-surface states induced by molecular adsorption also gives rise to a modulation of the surface state spin texture, i.e., the out-of-plane spin polarization varies along different k directions by up to 70% for the occupied states. This offers the possibility to change the spin direction from in-plane to predominantly out-of-plane by modifying the electronic momentum by 90°.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1098-0121
eISSN
1550-235X
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085403
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this ab initio study we demonstrate that molecular adsorption on a surface Rashba system can be used to modulate the surface electronic structure in different momentum space directions, i.e., to create anisotropic spin splittings in k space. This effect is rooted in the asymmetric adsorption of the molecules on the surface in a hollow site which breaks the surface symmetry. More specifically, we demonstrate that the physisorbed NH3 has a small influence on the surface Rashba states and only gives rise to variations of the surface state Rashba parameters up to a factor of 1.4 over the surface Brillouin zone. In contrast, the chemisorption of BH3 leads to variations of the Rashba parameter by more than a factor of 2.5. Consequently, the anisotropy of the Rashba-split-surface states induced by molecular adsorption also gives rise to a modulation of the surface state spin texture, i.e., the out-of-plane spin polarization varies along different k directions by up to 70% for the occupied states. This offers the possibility to change the spin direction from in-plane to predominantly out-of-plane by modifying the electronic momentum by 90°.

Journal

Physical Review BAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 2, 2017

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