Cosmology with galaxy cluster phase spaces
AbstractWe present a novel approach to constrain accelerating cosmologies with galaxy cluster phase spaces. With the Fisher matrix formalism we forecast constraints on the cosmological parameters that describe the cosmological expansion history. We find that our probe has the potential of providing constraints comparable to, or even stronger than, those from other cosmological probes. More specifically, with 1000 (100) clusters uniformly distributed in the redshift range 0≤z≤0.8, after applying a conservative 80% mass scatter prior on each cluster and marginalizing over all other parameters, we forecast 1σ constraints on the dark energy equation of state w and matter density parameter ΩM of σw=0.138(0.431) and σΩM=0.007(0.025) in a flat universe. Assuming 40% mass scatter and adding a prior on the Hubble constant we can achieve a constraint on the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization of the dark energy equation of state parameters w0 and wa with 100 clusters in the same redshift range: σw0=0.191 and σwa=2.712. Dropping the assumption of flatness and assuming w=-1 we also attain competitive constraints on the matter and dark energy density parameters: σΩM=0.101 and σΩΛ=0.197 for 100 clusters uniformly distributed in the range 0≤z≤0.8 after applying a prior on the Hubble constant. We also discuss various observational strategies for tightening constraints in both the near and far future.