Can Tetraneutron be a Narrow Resonance?
AbstractThe search for a resonant four-neutron system has been revived thanks to the recent experimental hints reported in . The existence of such a system would deeply impact our understanding of nuclear matter and requires a critical investigation. In this work, we study the existence of a four-neutron resonance in the quasistationary formalism using ab initio techniques with various two-body chiral interactions. We employ no-core Gamow shell model and density matrix renormalization group method, both supplemented by the use of natural orbitals and a new identification technique for broad resonances. We demonstrate that while the energy of the four-neutron system may be compatible with the experimental value, its width must be larger than the reported upper limit, supporting the interpretation of the experimental observation as a reaction process too short to form a nucleus.