Brownian thermal noise in functional optical surfaces
AbstractWe present a formalism to compute Brownian thermal noise in functional optical surfaces such as grating reflectors, photonic crystal slabs, or complex metamaterials. Such computations are based on a specific readout variable, typically a surface integral of a dielectric interface displacement weighed by a form factor. This paper shows how to relate this form factor to Maxwell’s stress tensor computed on all interfaces of the moving surface. As an example, we examine Brownian thermal noise in monolithic T-shaped grating reflectors. The previous computations by Heinert et al. [Phys. Rev. D 88, 042001 (2013)PRVDAQ1550-799810.1103/PhysRevD.88.042001] utilizing a simplified readout form factor produced estimates of thermal noise that are tens of percent higher than those of the exact analysis in the present paper. The relation between the form factor and Maxwell’s stress tensor implies a close correlation between the optical properties of functional optical surfaces and thermal noise.