Bosons with incommensurate potential and spin-orbit coupling

Bosons with incommensurate potential and spin-orbit coupling We chart out the phases of ultracold “spin-half” bosons in a one-dimensional optical lattice in the presence of Aubry-André (AA) potential and with spin-orbit (SO) and Raman couplings. We investigate the superfluid (SF) and localized phases and demonstrate the existence of density wave phase for nearest-neighbor interaction (NNI) between the bosons. We show that the presence of SO coupling and AA potential leads to a spin-split momentum distribution of the bosons in the localized phase near the boundary with the SF phase, which can act as a signature of the SF-localized phase transition. We also obtain the level statistics of the bosons in the superfluid phase with finite NNI and demonstrate its change from Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) to Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) as a function of the Raman coupling. We discuss experiments which can test our theory. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Review A American Physical Society (APS)

Bosons with incommensurate potential and spin-orbit coupling

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Bosons with incommensurate potential and spin-orbit coupling

Abstract

We chart out the phases of ultracold “spin-half” bosons in a one-dimensional optical lattice in the presence of Aubry-André (AA) potential and with spin-orbit (SO) and Raman couplings. We investigate the superfluid (SF) and localized phases and demonstrate the existence of density wave phase for nearest-neighbor interaction (NNI) between the bosons. We show that the presence of SO coupling and AA potential leads to a spin-split momentum distribution of the bosons in the localized phase near the boundary with the SF phase, which can act as a signature of the SF-localized phase transition. We also obtain the level statistics of the bosons in the superfluid phase with finite NNI and demonstrate its change from Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) to Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) as a function of the Raman coupling. We discuss experiments which can test our theory.
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Publisher
The American Physical Society
Copyright
Copyright © ©2017 American Physical Society
ISSN
1050-2947
eISSN
1094-1622
D.O.I.
10.1103/PhysRevA.96.023607
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We chart out the phases of ultracold “spin-half” bosons in a one-dimensional optical lattice in the presence of Aubry-André (AA) potential and with spin-orbit (SO) and Raman couplings. We investigate the superfluid (SF) and localized phases and demonstrate the existence of density wave phase for nearest-neighbor interaction (NNI) between the bosons. We show that the presence of SO coupling and AA potential leads to a spin-split momentum distribution of the bosons in the localized phase near the boundary with the SF phase, which can act as a signature of the SF-localized phase transition. We also obtain the level statistics of the bosons in the superfluid phase with finite NNI and demonstrate its change from Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) to Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) as a function of the Raman coupling. We discuss experiments which can test our theory.

Journal

Physical Review AAmerican Physical Society (APS)

Published: Aug 4, 2017

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