Bradykinin-induced activation of the pulmonary endothelium triggers a rise in intracellular Ca2+ that activates nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasorelaxation. Chronic hypoxia is commonly associated with increased pulmonary vascular tone, which can cause pulmonary hypertension in responsive individuals. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that long-term high-altitude hypoxia (LTH) diminishes bradykinin-induced Ca2+ signals and inhibits endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), prostacyclin (PGI2), and large-conductance K+ (BKCa) channels in sheep, which are moderately responsive to LTH, resulting in decreased pulmonary arterial vasorelaxation. Pulmonary arteries were isolated from ewes kept near sea level (720 m) or at high altitude (3,801 m) for >100 days. Vessel force was measured with wire myography and endothelial intracellular Ca2+ with confocal microscopy. eNOS was inhibited with 100 μM NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), PGI2 production was inhibited with 10 µM indomethacin that inhibits cyclooxygenase, and BKCa channels were blocked with 1 mM tetraethylammonium. Bradykinin-induced endothelial Ca2+ signals increased following LTH, but bradykinin relaxation decreased. Furthermore, some vessels contracted in response to bradykinin after LTH. l-NAME sensitivity decreased, suggesting that eNOS dysfunction played a role in uncoupling Ca2+ signals and bradykinin relaxation. The Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 (10 µM) elicited an enhanced Ca2+ response following LTH while relaxation was unchanged although l-NAME sensitivity increased. Additionally, BKCa function decreased during bradykinin relaxation following LTH. Western analysis showed that BKCa α-subunit expression was increased by LTH while that for the β1 subunit was unchanged. Overall, these results suggest that those even moderately responsive to LTH can have impaired endothelial function.
AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Jun 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera