Long-term hypoxia uncouples Ca2+ and eNOS in bradykinin-mediated pulmonary arterial relaxation

Long-term hypoxia uncouples Ca2+ and eNOS in bradykinin-mediated pulmonary arterial relaxation Bradykinin-induced activation of the pulmonary endothelium triggers a rise in intracellular Ca2+ that activates nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasorelaxation. Chronic hypoxia is commonly associated with increased pulmonary vascular tone, which can cause pulmonary hypertension in responsive individuals. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that long-term high-altitude hypoxia (LTH) diminishes bradykinin-induced Ca2+ signals and inhibits endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), prostacyclin (PGI2), and large-conductance K+ (BKCa) channels in sheep, which are moderately responsive to LTH, resulting in decreased pulmonary arterial vasorelaxation. Pulmonary arteries were isolated from ewes kept near sea level (720 m) or at high altitude (3,801 m) for >100 days. Vessel force was measured with wire myography and endothelial intracellular Ca2+ with confocal microscopy. eNOS was inhibited with 100 μM NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), PGI2 production was inhibited with 10 µM indomethacin that inhibits cyclooxygenase, and BKCa channels were blocked with 1 mM tetraethylammonium. Bradykinin-induced endothelial Ca2+ signals increased following LTH, but bradykinin relaxation decreased. Furthermore, some vessels contracted in response to bradykinin after LTH. l-NAME sensitivity decreased, suggesting that eNOS dysfunction played a role in uncoupling Ca2+ signals and bradykinin relaxation. The Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 (10 µM) elicited an enhanced Ca2+ response following LTH while relaxation was unchanged although l-NAME sensitivity increased. Additionally, BKCa function decreased during bradykinin relaxation following LTH. Western analysis showed that BKCa α-subunit expression was increased by LTH while that for the β1 subunit was unchanged. Overall, these results suggest that those even moderately responsive to LTH can have impaired endothelial function. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology The American Physiological Society

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/lp/aps/long-term-hypoxia-uncouples-ca2-and-enos-in-bradykinin-mediated-CvktNHC03E
ISSN
0363-6119
eISSN
1522-1490
D.O.I.
10.1152/ajpregu.00311.2017
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bradykinin-induced activation of the pulmonary endothelium triggers a rise in intracellular Ca2+ that activates nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasorelaxation. Chronic hypoxia is commonly associated with increased pulmonary vascular tone, which can cause pulmonary hypertension in responsive individuals. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that long-term high-altitude hypoxia (LTH) diminishes bradykinin-induced Ca2+ signals and inhibits endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), prostacyclin (PGI2), and large-conductance K+ (BKCa) channels in sheep, which are moderately responsive to LTH, resulting in decreased pulmonary arterial vasorelaxation. Pulmonary arteries were isolated from ewes kept near sea level (720 m) or at high altitude (3,801 m) for >100 days. Vessel force was measured with wire myography and endothelial intracellular Ca2+ with confocal microscopy. eNOS was inhibited with 100 μM NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), PGI2 production was inhibited with 10 µM indomethacin that inhibits cyclooxygenase, and BKCa channels were blocked with 1 mM tetraethylammonium. Bradykinin-induced endothelial Ca2+ signals increased following LTH, but bradykinin relaxation decreased. Furthermore, some vessels contracted in response to bradykinin after LTH. l-NAME sensitivity decreased, suggesting that eNOS dysfunction played a role in uncoupling Ca2+ signals and bradykinin relaxation. The Ca2+ ionophore A-23187 (10 µM) elicited an enhanced Ca2+ response following LTH while relaxation was unchanged although l-NAME sensitivity increased. Additionally, BKCa function decreased during bradykinin relaxation following LTH. Western analysis showed that BKCa α-subunit expression was increased by LTH while that for the β1 subunit was unchanged. Overall, these results suggest that those even moderately responsive to LTH can have impaired endothelial function.

Journal

AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative PhysiologyThe American Physiological Society

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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