PHYSIOLOGY’S IMPACT PHYSIOLOGY 33: 236 –245, 2018. Maël Lemoine* and Thomas Pradeu* ImmunoConcept, UMR5164, CNRS & University of Bordeaux, Published June 6, 2018; doi:10.1152/physiol.00015.2018 Bordeaux, France Aristotle and Galen, and the term physi- Dissecting the Meanings of “Physiology” to ology was ﬁrst coined by the French phy- Assess the Vitality of the Discipline sician Jean Fernel in his De Naturali Parte Medicinae in 1542 (34). However, the meaning of physiology has changed sig- niﬁcantly during the course of the history the claims about the vitality of physiol- Introduction of this domain. In the 18th century, in ogy. We will consider the speciﬁc features particular, physiology had a broad, not of physiology and whether it can continue Physiology is one of the central disci- speciﬁcally medical sense, encompassing to play the integrative role it has played in plines on which all biological and medical animals and plants, very much like the the past, with the capacity to unify diverse sciences were historically built (63). How- modern term “biology” (114). This tradi- biological approaches and experimental ever, questions have recently been raised tion culminated at the start of the 19th data through common concepts or ex- concerning the relevance and vitality
Physiology – The American Physiological Society
Published: Jul 1, 2018
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