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Statistics of Earthquake Activity: Models and Methods for Earthquake Predictability Studies

Statistics of Earthquake Activity: Models and Methods for Earthquake Predictability Studies Statistical methods and various models in time-space-magnitude parameter space of earthquakes are being developed to analyze seismic activity based on earthquake hypocenter catalogs that are routinely accumulated. Considering complex geophysical environments and uncertainties, we seek proper stochastic modeling that depends on the history of earthquake occurrences and relevant geophysical information for describing and forecasting earthquake activity. Also, we need empirical Bayesian models with many parameters in order to describe nonstationary or nonhomogeneous seismic activity. This review is concerned with earthquake predictability research aimed at realizing practical operational forecasting. In particular, uncertainty lies in identifying whether abnormal phenomena are precursors to large earthquakes. The predictability of such models can be examined by certain statistical criteria. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences Annual Reviews

Statistics of Earthquake Activity: Models and Methods for Earthquake Predictability Studies

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Publisher
Annual Reviews
Copyright
Copyright 2017 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved
ISSN
0084-6597
eISSN
1545-4495
DOI
10.1146/annurev-earth-063016-015918
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Statistical methods and various models in time-space-magnitude parameter space of earthquakes are being developed to analyze seismic activity based on earthquake hypocenter catalogs that are routinely accumulated. Considering complex geophysical environments and uncertainties, we seek proper stochastic modeling that depends on the history of earthquake occurrences and relevant geophysical information for describing and forecasting earthquake activity. Also, we need empirical Bayesian models with many parameters in order to describe nonstationary or nonhomogeneous seismic activity. This review is concerned with earthquake predictability research aimed at realizing practical operational forecasting. In particular, uncertainty lies in identifying whether abnormal phenomena are precursors to large earthquakes. The predictability of such models can be examined by certain statistical criteria.

Journal

Annual Review of Earth and Planetary SciencesAnnual Reviews

Published: Aug 30, 2017

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